Rafael Ramirez, Venezuela’s Minister of Energy and Petroleum and President of PDVSA, and Paolo Scaroni, Eni's CEO, have signed in the presence of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez Frias and Vincenzo Scotti, Undersecretary of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, three strategic agreements: an agreement for the development of Junin 5, a Technology Agreement and an MoU for the construction of a power plant.
Junin 5 Agreement
Junin 5 is a heavy oil block located in the Orinoco oil belt (Faja). The block is located some 550 kilometers south east of Caracas and covers an area of approximately 425 square kilometers.
The Orinoco belt is the world's largest deposit of heavy oil with oil in place of 1,300 billion barrels which are mostly undeveloped. Its current oil production is approximately 600,000 barrels per day.
Under the terms of the agreement, which will be finalized in the next 60 days and submitted to the relevant approvals, PDVSA will hold 60% and Eni 40% of a joint venture company (Empresa Mixta ) to develop the Junin 5 field which has 35 billion barrels of certified oil in place. The JV company plans an early production phase of 75,000 barrels per day from 2013, and a long term production plateau of 240,000 barrels per day following the construction of a new refinery in Jose.
Eni will pay a bonus of 646 million dollars, of which 300 million dollars will be paid at the creation of the Empresa Mixta and the balance in tranches subject to the achievement of project milestones.
PDVSA and Eni will study the use of advanced hydrogenation technology for complete conversion of heavy oils into high-quality light products. Such technology would use natural gas to enable the full elimination of refinery residues. This will have significant environmental and commercial benefit, allowing Venezuela to achieve major synergies in the development of its vast heavy oil and gas reserves
The Technology Agreement will also provide PDVSA access to Eni’s gas shale experience in the US Barnett basin as well as its worldwide studies to evaluate the potential of Venezuela’s shale basins, and selecting areas of interest for the exploitation of this fast growing energy source.
Memorandum for the construction of a power plant
Eni is ready to present a proposal for the construction of a facility with a capacity of 1 GW in the Guiria peninsula. The power plant would provide electricity to the local residents as well as to the LNG infrastructure, which will be built in the area.
Through these agreements, PDVSA and Eni will further strengthen and consolidate a strategic alliance which will allow the development of important resources for Venezuela, and also enhance their value through the use of innovative technologies which can be applied in future to Venezuelan oil and gas fields.
In Venezuela, Eni is currently co-operator with a 50% stake in the Cardon IV licence, located offshore in the Gulf of Venezuela, where the giant Perla gas field has been discovered in October 2009. The field has a reserve potential of more than 6 trillion cubic feet of gas (1 billion of barrels of oil equivalent).
In addition, Eni is present in two offshore licenses, Petrosucre, which operates the Corocoro Field (PDVSA 74%, Eni 26%) with a daily equity production of approximately 10,000 barrels of oil, and Petrolera Guiria (PDVSA 64.25%, Eni 19.50% and Ineparia 16.25%) which operates the Punta Sur discovery.